WH- QUESTIONS

Question words Function Example
what asking for information about something

 

asking about action

What caused the accident? (subject)

What did you tell him? (object)

What did you do last night?

what … for asking for purpose or reason What did you do that for?
when asking about time When did he leave?
where asking about place or position Where do they live?
which asking about choice Which colour do you want?
who asking about people (subject) Who opened the door?
who(m) asking about people (object) Who(m) did you give it to?
whose asking about ownership Whose are these keys?

Whose books did you borrow?

why asking for reason or purpose Why do you say that?
why don’t making a suggestion Why don’t we go out for a drink?
how asking about manner How does your work?
how far asking about distance How far is Pattaya from Bangkok?
how long asking about length or time or space How long does it take to finish it?
how many asking about quantity (countable) How many books are there on the shelf?
how much asking about quantity (uncountable) How much money do you have?
how old asking about age How old is your mother?
how wide/deep asking about width/depth How wide is this swimming pool?

How deep is this swimming pool?

how come asking for reason (informal) How come I can’t see her?

 

Examples of making WH- questions:

  1. John has to go to the airport to catch a plane tomorrow morning.
    Who has to go to the airport to catch a plane tomorrow morning?
    What does John have to do to catch a plane tomorrow morning?
    What does John have to go to the airport tomorrow morning for?
    When does John have to go to the airport to catch a plane?
  2. She is cooking a special dish.
    What is she doing in the kitchen?
    What is she cooking in the kitchen?
  3. We are going to stay in Hanoi for two days.
    How long are you going to stay in Hanoi?
  4. We can use his car to get to the station.
    Whose car can we use to get to the station?
  5. There are about 150 houses in this area.
    How many houses are there in this area?

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